Archive for June, 2009


Saturday, June 27th, 2009

Donating time and talent usually involves more sacrifice than giving money. “Time is the only resource you can’t get back,” points out Marnie Maxell, an Indianapolis philanthropy consultant. “You can earn more money, but never more time.” Yet volunteers rarely command the attention or respect that mega-donors generate.

That’s not to suggest donors of dollars don’t also roll up their sleeves. Increasingly, most do. But women’s tradition of volunteering has long been undervalued and discounted. There’s still the myth out there that volunteers are ladies who lunch, groups of bored women searching for something to occupy their days.

Wrong! Recent research by David Reingold, a professor at the University of Indiana’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs, reveals just the opposite. “The more women work, the more likely they are to volunteer,” says Reingold. “The gender differences that have been so present during the 20th century really are coming to an end. The stereotypical image of volunteering as a substitute for working by stay-at-home moms or retired grandmothers is simply not true anymore.”

These days, women volunteers are likely to be executives, doctors or lawyers like Almeta Cooper, who works as General Counsel for the Ohio State Medical Association in Columbus. “It was my daughter who got me interested in volunteering six years ago,” says Cooper. Then attending an all-girls high school (and now a graduate of Bryn Mawr), Elise was invited to participate in a project to introduce the girls to philanthropy, working with the YWCA and other groups.

“They toured some programs, got involved in grant-writing and conducted interviews with grantees — it was very exciting for them,” says Cooper, who divorced when Elise was five. “It was a valuable experience for her and I’ve since volunteered several times in fundraising campaigns, as a grants reader and other activities,” she says. Now that her daughter is grown, Cooper is doing more, in both time and money, mostly with the Women’s Fund of Central Ohio and also with the local chapter of The Links, Incorporated, an international group of professional African-American women volunteers who work for social change. “I believe women should get involved,” says Cooper. “I never turn down a request from the Women’s Fund because they train people to have an effective, structured plan and they give women and girls a voice.”

When considering any volunteer role, give yourself the freedom to review the options before you commit. “Because if you make a snap judgment,” says Maxwell, “you’re liable to find yourself at a meeting wondering why you’re wasting your most valuable resource: your time.”


Friday, June 19th, 2009

Earlier this year, the Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy in Indianapolis commissioned me to write a report on the latest research and trends in women’s philanthropy. This report, just-published, sums up everything we know to date about gender influences on giving and what women do or don’t do when it comes to philanthropic decisions and strategies.

Here are some highlights.

• Researchers have found that gender affects giving, empathy, helping and altruistic behavior. Women are more inclined to help in a relational manner, placing greater emphasis on relationships and on care for the individual, whereas men tend to prefer more non-relational acts, for instance, favoring justice as a reason for wanting to help.

• In research that utilized experimental game scenarios, women turned out to be “less selfish” than men, giving significantly larger gifts than men did. In addition, women were more likely to be perfectly altruistic (giving all of the allotted money to charity) than men, and less likely to be perfectly selfish (giving no money to charity).

A recent study conducted at the Center found three statistically significant differences in motives for giving:
1. Men are more motivated by a desire to “make my community a better place”
2. Men are more motivated to provide services where government can’t or won’t
3. Women feel a strong responsibility to help those who have less

Looking ahead, the frontier of women’s philanthropy lies in raising the profile of women’s giving and in strengthening social and political perceptions that women are powerful and control purse strings.


Monday, June 1st, 2009

The June 4 issue of “The Chronicle of Philanthropy” includes my request to the $100-million anonymous donor to step forward and reveal HER identity.

In case you don’t have a subscription, I’ve posted the letter, below. I’ve already gotten some intense responses, pro and con. I’d love to hear from  you — positive or, you know, NOT. Do send me a note about what you think.

A Plea to the $100-Million Mystery Donor

Dear Anonymous Wealthy Older Female Donor:

Like everyone else, I’ve been captivated by accounts of your recent secretive contributions. At last count, nearly 20 universities have benefited from your largess, to the tune of $100-million in checks, usually mailed by a banker. Remarkably, your gifts support higher education’s unsung heroes, large public institutions in the Northeast and Midwest rather than Ivy League brand names. Your instructions, occasionally on banker’s stationery, are to the point: Most of the money is earmarked for financial aid to women and minority students.

What a pick-me-up for troubled times. I applaud your timing and drama, not to mention your thoughtful strategy. Your choices not only are inspirational but also help ensure that the next generation of leaders comes from all levels of society.

Still, I believe you’re falling short. I’d like you to do more. I’d like you to tell us who you are.

The women’s philanthropy movement needs women like you to put their names, power, values, and, of course, money, on the table, right alongside the play-big men’s club of Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Michael Bloomberg, Sandy Weill, George Soros, Eli Broad, Michael Dell, and on and on. Absent Oprah, who’s your favorite female philanthropist?

See what I mean?

We need role models for women who give. We need to hear women’s voices in the growing chorus of philanthropists who exert power and influence in their giving, just as, in the past, we needed to see women routinely occupy corner and political offices. It ought to be perfectly ordinary to hear about a woman giving at
this level.

Patently, you have the means. But why am I so sure you’re a woman of some years? A lot of things add up.

First, it’s older women who control greater wealth every year. The latest Internal Revenue Service data, released in 2008, reports that women made up 43 percent of the nation’s top 2.7 million wealth holders in 2004. (Top wealth holders are defined as individuals with assets of $1.5-million or more.)

Granted, such numbers don’t reflect the economic free fall. But since most wealth holders have lost 20 percent to 30 percent of assets, on average, women remain constant as more than four out of 10 of that elite group. Then there’s women’s longevity. On average, women live about five years longer than men do. They tend to marry men older than themselves, and they also remarry less frequently after a spouse dies. Women aged 65 and older are now three times more likely to be widowed than their male counterparts. As a result, older women, who now comfortably manage their own financial portfolios and also now earn significant money of their own, are taking charge of more and more money from husbands and from families.

When it comes to giving, women, unlike men, are not typically interested in monument building or naming opportunities. Research over the past decade from Indiana University’s Center on Philanthropy, in Indianapolis, has found that gender is a critical factor in behavior and motivations for giving. Studies show women are more likely to make charitable contributions than men. Women volunteer more often and for more hours than men do. And women choose to support education more often than any other single cause.

All of which makes me sure you’re a woman. Plus, of course, not only are your gifts going to young women and minorities but the colleges you chose are led by women. You obviously have certain sympathies. Then there’s the biggest tell of all. You choose to stay in the shadows. Research has shown that most women prefer to give anonymously. Women sidestep recognition; they look to give in ways that make a difference. By contrast, men unhesitatingly step into the bright lights that accompany large gifts.

I know it may be a tad scary and embarrassing to reveal your identity. But we need to change the idea that when philanthropists are women, they’re still running bake sales and planning galas. Instead, with growing earning power, professional skills, profitable businesses of their own, and control over family inheritances, women increasingly have the means and the will to invest in philanthropic change. Clearly, you do.

It’d be great if you’d step forward.

Joanna L. Krotz